Causes and Ways to Overcome Swollen Gums
Swollen gums can cause discomfort and mild oral irritation. If left untreated, swollen gums can also affect the tissues and bones that support the teeth.
Swollen gums can be caused by several things such as an infection. Generally complaints of swollen gums can be followed by other symptoms such as the appearance of pus under the gums or teeth, bad breath, and bad taste in the mouth. These symptoms are symptoms of the development of a condition called periodontitis.
Healthy gums won’t bleed when you brush your teeth or if touched. Pink, tight, and can hold teeth firmly. These are the three main characteristics of an ideal gum. Then what can cause swollen gums?
Why Can Gums Swell?
Swollen gums are a common thing. Usually marked by enlargement, bulging, or prominent. In some cases, swollen gums that occur are often large enough to hide the teeth as an entire . Here are some things that can increase the risk of swollen gums:
• Plaque builds up in the teeth. Plaque contains many bacteria, some of which can interfere with gum health.
• Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums.
• Viral or fungal infections
• Smoking habit.
• Malnutrition or scooter. Skorbut is a condition that occurs when the body is deficient in vitamin C.
• Incorrect installation of dentures or other dental equipment.
• Gum sensitivity due to the use of certain toothpaste or mouth rinses.
• Medications, such as anti-epileptic drugs, corticosteroids, hormonal contraceptives, and calcium channel blockers
How to Overcome Swollen Gums
Minor disorders, such as swollen gums, can generally be treated by paying more attention to oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day, every day, and complete cleaning by using dental floss (dental floss) regularly. Another way you can do is:
• Apply cold compresses to the gums to reduce swelling.
• Increase consumption of vegetables and fruit.
• Avoid smoking, alcoholic beverages, and foods that contain high sugar levels.
• Replacing toothpaste can be done to treat swollen gums caused by teeth sensitive to certain toothpastes. If swollen gums are caused by mouthwash products, stop using them immediately.
• Stopping or replacing drugs that cause swollen gums. Consult your doctor about the possibility of changing the drug, if the swollen gums are caused by certain drugs. Discontinuation or replacement of drugs must always be under the supervision of a doctor.
• Scaling procedure for cleaning dental plaque.
• Root planning to clean the root area of teeth and between gums, to eliminate bacteria.
Severe gum disorders that require further treatment. For example, the condition of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG), which requires the administration of painkillers, antibiotics, and mouthwashes specifically containing chlorhexidine, or hydrogen peroxide.
If the swollen gums or other gum disorders last more than two weeks, see a dentist immediately.
Prevention of swollen gums
Brushing your teeth properly is one effective step in preventing various dental and mouth disorders, including swollen gums. However, avoid brushing your teeth too hard because it can damage the soft tissue of the gums.
Choose a soft nylon toothbrush bristle with a blunt tip. The tip of a hard toothbrush, may interfere with tooth enamel or gums. Many people move their teeth back and forth, even though brushing their teeth should be done in a circular motion.
Besides, to prevent swollen gums, you can also do:
• Eat foods with balanced nutrition, including calcium and vitamin C. Then multiply drinking water and avoid foods or drinks that are too hot or cold.
• stand back from cigarettes or other tobacco products.
• Do relaxation. Excessive stress can increase the risk of inflammation, including gums.
The role of the gums within the mouth is extremely important. Disorders that occur in the gums can result in other parts of the mouth. Maintain oral hygiene and routine dental care every six months to the dentist, to have gum and healthy teeth.