How To Treat Diabetes Wounds To Prevent Dangerous Risks
Diabetic wounds have a longer healing time compared to wounds in healthy people. Even if not treated properly, the wound in diabetics can continue to spread until it ends with amputation. So, how to treat diabetes wounds?
The cause of diabetes wound to heal is blood sugar levels in the body that are too high. This damages the nerves, decreases the immune system, and causes blood circulation to deteriorate, thus inhibiting the process of repairing damaged body tissues.
As a result, wounds in diabetics will remain open, wet, and difficult to cure. Wounds that do not heal cause diabetics are more susceptible to fungal infections, bacterial infections, and gangrene.
How To Treat Diabetes Wounds?
To prevent the risk of getting worse, then do some ways to treat diabetes sores, the following.
- Clean the wound
The first step that can be done to treat diabetes wounds is to clean the wound immediately. You can clean the wound using running water and soap. After that, dry and apply an antibiotic ointment recommended by the doctor so that the wound is free of germs. Do not forget to regularly replace the dressing so that the wound condition is not maintained clean.
- Reduce pressure on the wound
Avoid putting pressure on the injured area, for example by not wearing tight clothing. The reduced pressure allows the wound to not get worse and heal faster. If the wound is in the sole of the foot, you should use a soft pad or special footwear so as not to aggravate the damage caused by diabetes sores.
- Control blood sugar levels
Uncontrolled blood sugar levels will complicate the wound healing process. Therefore, it is important to continue to control blood sugar levels with a healthy diet for diabetes, exercise, antidiabetic drugs, to insulin injections if needed. You can consult a doctor further to control blood sugar levels.
- Watch for signs of infection
Infections in diebetes occur not without symptoms. Symptoms can include fever, pain, redness, swelling or feeling warm around the wound. In addition to the above signs, infections can also be characterized by watery, festering wounds, accompanied by unpleasant odors. The sooner you recognize the symptoms, the earlier you can treat diabetes wounds.
- Fill your food intake
To speed up the wound healing process, you are also advised to pay attention to your daily nutritional intake. One of the important nutrients that must be fulfilled everyday to treat diabetes wounds is protein. Protein is known to help repair skin tissue and other body tissues that are damaged. The need for calories, fat, fiber, vitamins and minerals, such as zinc and vitamin C, is also important to be fulfilled.
- Call a doctor
If the diabetic wound does not improve within 48 hours, or more sores appear, it is advisable to contact a doctor immediately. If this is not done immediately, the wound will get worse so it is difficult to handle.
Prevent the emergence of new wounds in diabetics
Some preventive measures for diabetics include:
- Cut your nails carefully
If you have diabetes, be careful about cutting your nails, especially for those of you who have had foot injuries before. How to treat diabetes wounds is aimed at preventing injuries that might occur when you cut your nails. If you have difficulty cutting your nails, do not hesitate to ask for help from others.
- Routinely check your feet every day
Diabetics will usually experience numbness in the legs. After doing activities or using shoes, you should always check your feet and feet. This is done to avoid minor cuts, redness, and swelling that you are not aware of. In addition, make it a habit to wash your feet and dry them immediately so that your feet are always clean.
- Wear comfortable footwear
In order to prevent the appearance of wounds on the feet, you are advised to always wear footwear when inside or outside the room. Also, choose comfortable footwear that has heel cushions. Also avoid wearing footwear that is too tight and hard because it will only make your feet hurt.
- Do not smoke
If you have a history of diabetes, it is advisable to stop smoking. Cigarettes hamper blood circulation and reduce the amount of oxygen throughout the body. As a result, the wound you have will get worse and the healing process will be slower.
- Routinely see a doctor
Do not forget to regularly check the legs and other body parts to the doctor to treat diabetes sores. The doctor can check for early signs of nerve damage, poor blood circulation, or an infected wound, so that early treatment can be given.
If you have a history of diabetes and wounds that do not heal in the legs, then immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment for treating diabetes wounds.