Important Facts About Twin Pregnancy
In a twin pregnancy, a woman contains more than one fetus in her womb. Not only two, but can also be three, even four or more fetuses at once. In a twin pregnancy, the size of the abdomen is usually larger than a single pregnancy.
Pregnancy twins are divided into two types, namely identical and non-identical twins. Identical twins occur when one egg is fertilized by one sperm cell but then forms two embryos. Whereas non-identical twins occur when two eggs are fertilized by two sperm cells at the same time, so that they develop into two different fetuses.
Various Twin Pregnancy Conditions
If you and your partner are waiting or expecting twins, it helps you to know a variety of facts about the following twins pregnancy:
- Twin pregnant women need greater calorie intake
If it contains more than one fetus, pregnant women need a greater calorie intake which is at least around 2,700 calories per day. Besides, twin pregnant women also need to consume more vitamins, folic acid, and minerals to support the growth of the fetus in the womb.
- Twin pregnancy is common in mothers in their 30s
Usually the older the age of a woman, the more irregular menstrual cycles. If you are 30-40 years old with irregular ovulation, then you have the opportunity to ovulate with two eggs at once, so there will be multiple pregnancies.
- Labor often occurs early
The process of childbirth in twin pregnancies usually occurs when the womb enters the 36th or 37th week, even earlier. To watch out for, twin pregnancies are more at risk of premature birth, with the baby’s condition experiencing organ disorders.
- The risk of diabetes and preeclampsia is greater
Pregnant women with twin fetuses have a greater risk of type 2 diabetes and preeclampsia, compared to pregnant women with a single fetus. Preeclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy, and there is usually swelling in the legs and arms.
- Symptoms of morning sickness are more severe
Morning sickness experienced by pregnant women is caused by increased pregnancy hormones. Twin fetuses in the womb can make these symptoms worse than a single pregnancy, due to higher pregnancy hormone levels.
- More weight gain
The weight of the pregnant woman will increase along with the growth of the fetus in the womb. Generally, the weight growth of pregnant women in twin pregnancies is greater, because there is more than one fetus, and also more placenta and amniotic fluid. The average weight gain in a single pregnancy is 11 kg, while the pregnancy is fancy is 15 kg.
Twin pregnancy has various risks and conditions that require more attention. To ensure the health of the mother and fetus in the womb, you should always control your doctor regularly.