Reasons Why Elderly Are More Susceptible To Corona Viruses
The number of sufferers and cases of death from Corona virus infections every day continues to increase. So far, the Corona virus is seen more often causing severe infections and deaths in elderly people than adults or children. Why so?
To date, the Corona virus has infected more than 100,000 inhabitants of the world and about 4,000 people are declared dead. The most deaths occurred in patients with COVID-19 aged 80 years and above, with a percentage reaching 21.9%.
Why is the elderly more vulnerable to Corona viruses?
As the age progresses, the body will experience various decline due to the aging process, ranging from declining hair color pigment production, hormone production, skin elasticity, muscle mass, bone density, dental strength, to the function of the body organs.
Immune systems as body protectors do not work as strong when they are young. This is the reason why elderly people are susceptible to various diseases, including the COVID-19, which is caused by Corona viruses.
In addition, not a few seniors who have chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, asthma, or cancer. This could increase the risk or danger of the Corona virus infection. Complications arising from COVID-19 will also be worse if the sufferer already has the disease.
Not only causing disturbance to the lungs, Corona virus infection can also reduce the function of other organs of the body, so that the condition of chronic diseases that are already possessed by the sufferer will be worse, even resulting in death.
In patients with cancer, for example. Cancer itself can weaken the immune system so that the sufferer is not able to resist the Corona virus attack, plus the side effects of chemotherapy that can also suppress the immune system. In these circumstances, the Corona virus will be more easily developed and cause disruption to various body organs.
In patients with heart failure, where the heart has been subjected to pumping blood, lung disorders due to Corona virus infection will make the heart should work harder to drain blood throughout the body. It can certainly exacerbate the heart condition.
How to prevent the transmission of Corona Virus in elderly
The Corona Virus was originally transmitted from animals to humans. This Virus can also be transmitted from human to human through a splash of the sufferer’s saliva.
There are several steps that the elderly can do to protect themselves from the transmission of this plague of viruses, such as:
- Wash hands regularly with flowing water and soap or hand sanitizer with a minimum alcohol content of 60%
- Using masks when you are sick
- Avoiding contact with sick people
- Avoid going to crowded places, such as shopping malls, terminals, or stations
- Doesn’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth before washing your hands
- Taking medications regularly for illnesses suffered
- Visit a doctor for on-schedule control
Weakened immune system with chronic diseases can increase the risk of COVID-19 in the elderly, both the risk of a Corona virus infection and the risk of this virus to cause severe disruption, even death.
Therefore, the prevention of Corona virus in elderly needs to be done tighter and elderly health condition should be more concerned. Elderly people who have fever with cough, colds, or shortness of breath need to be immediately required to consult a physician, especially when they have chronic diseases.