Symptoms, Causes, How To Deal With Chickenpox
Chickenpox disease or in medical terms called varicella is an infection caused by the Varicella zoster virus. Patients infected with this virus are characterized by the appearance of a red rash filled with fluid that is very itchy throughout the body.
For most sufferers, chickenpox is a mild disease, especially after the chickenpox vaccination program was promoted in the mid-1990s. Nevertheless, chickenpox can still cause more serious complications in patients who have a weak immune system, such as people with HIV / AIDS.
Symptoms of chickenpox are a red rash on the stomach or back. In addition, chickenpox is also characterized by several other symptoms such as:
- Throat pain
Causes and Risk Factors for Chickenpox
Chickenpox is caused by a virus, which is easily spread by sprinkling saliva, as well as direct contact with fluids from rashes. This disease is more vulnerable to attack children under the age of 12 years. In addition, there are several other factors that can increase the risk of chickenpox, including:
- Never had chickenpox immunization.
- Has not received the chickenpox vaccine, especially pregnant women.
- Work in a public place, such as in a school or hospital.
Chickenpox Treatment and Prevention
Chickenpox treatment aims to reduce the severity of symptoms experienced by patients, with or without the aid of drugs. There are several independent treatments that can be done to relieve symptoms, namely:
- Drink more and eat soft foods.
- Do not scratch chicken rashes or chickenpox sores.
- Wear soft and light clothing.
As an effort to prevent chickenpox, it is recommended to do chickenpox vaccination.